Glasgow is the largest city in Scotland, and for a long time in the Victorian era at the height of the British Empire, was regarded as the second city of the United Kingdom.
It was highly industrialized and was the biggest city port in Great Britain, being one the staging posts for trading with the British colonies in North America, the West Indies and later Canada.
Glasgow was ridden with poverty in the industrialization era, with many ghettos and slums, but it has long since recovered and become a modern and affluent city in its own right.
The city, situated on the River Clyde, was also a great center of learning and is also home to a statue dedicated to the Great Military General Arthur Wellesley – the Duke of Wellington. It is placed just outside the Glasgow Museum of Modern Art.
Glasgow city itself is home to 600,000 people and the surrounding districts are populated by 2.3 million people which translates to about 40% of the total population of Scotland. Glasgow is awash with bars and restaurants, which might come as a surprise and it was also named European Capital of Culture in 1990.
It is also known as the city of pipers, in reference to its long tradition of bag piping, and the city of whiskys, with numerous distilleries producing the amber alcoholic drink. Glaswegians have a very distinct accent from the rest of Scots and visitors may have some problems understanding the locals, particularly after a few drinks.
The city is also home to Celtic and Rangers, two football teams which are still divided by sectarian roots. Celtic are followed by the Catholics and Rangers by the Protestants, which gives a whole new twist to a derby game.
There is some stunning architecture to be enjoyed in Glasgow, with huge Victorian buildings with large facades. Visitors can also enjoy trips to The Royal Exchange Square, the Glasgow Lighthouse and the Glasgow City Chambers.